The Three Pillars of Lent: Prayer, Fasting, & Mercy

February 25, 2016


There are three things, my brethren, by which faith stands firm, devotion remains 

constant, and virtue endures. They are prayer, fasting and mercy. Prayer knocks at 

the door, fasting obtains, mercy receives. Prayer, mercy and fasting: these three 

are one, and they give life to each other.


Fasting is the soul of prayer, mercy is the lifeblood of fasting. Let no one try to 

separate them; they cannot be separated. If you have only one of them or not all 

together, you have nothing. So if you pray, fast; if you fast, show mercy; if you want 

your petition to be heard, hear the petition of others. If you do not close your ear to 

others you open God’s ear to yourself.


When you fast, see the fasting of others. If you want God to know that you are 

hungry, know that another is hungry. If you hope for mercy, show mercy. If you look 

for kindness, show kindness. If you want to receive, give. If you ask for yourself 

what you deny to others, your asking is a mockery.


Let this be the pattern for all men when they practice mercy: show mercy to others 

in the same way, with the same generosity, with the same promptness, as you want 

others to show mercy to you. Therefore, let prayer, mercy and fasting be one single 

plea to God on our behalf, one speech in our defence, a threefold united prayer in 

our favor.


Let us use fasting to make up for what we have lost by despising others. Let us offer 

our souls in sacrifice by means of fasting. There is nothing more pleasing that we 

can offer to God, as the psalmist said in prophecy: A sacrifice to God is a broken 

spirit; God does not despise a bruised and humbled heart.


Offer your soul to God, make him an oblation of your fasting, so that your soul may 

be a pure offering, a holy sacrifice, a living victim, remaining your own and at the 

same time made over to God. Whoever fails to give this to God will not be excused, 

for if you are to give him yourself you are never without the means of giving.

To make these acceptable, mercy must be added. Fasting bears no fruit unless it is 

watered by mercy. Fasting dries up when mercy dries up. Mercy is to fasting as rain 

is to earth. However much you may cultivate your heart, clear the soil of your 

nature, root out vices, sow virtues, if you do not release the springs of mercy, your 

fasting will bear no fruit.


When you fast, if your mercy is thin your harvest will be thin; when you fast, what 

you pour out in mercy overflows into your barn. Therefore, do not lose by saving, 

but gather in by scattering. Give to the poor, and you give to yourself. You will not 

be allowed to keep what you have refused to give to others.


St. Peter Chrysologus was the bishop of Ravenna, Italy in the middle of the 5th 

century. His sermons were so inspiring that he was given the title “Chrysologus” 

(Greek for “Golden-worded) and was eventually declared a “Doctor of the Church.”

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